• Philosophy,  Physics

    Sāńkhya and Modern Atomism

    Sāńkhya has a theory of atomism, which is quite different than the theory of modern atomism. The modern description of atoms is based on the distinction between matter and force whereas the Sāńkhya description is based on the distinction between words and meanings. Clearly, we cannot expect the twoso descriptions to be similar, and making them similar or equivalent isn’t the point of the post. The key question is: Can we study what modern science calls atoms and molecules using Sāńkhya? If yes, how would this study be different from the study of atoms and molecules at present? This post answers many such questions, including why the particles of modern…

  • Overview,  Philosophy,  Physics,  Religion

    Why God is a Scientific Construct

    Vaishnava literature describes four forms of God—Vasudeva, Saṅkarṣaṇa, Pradyumna, and Aniruddha. These four forms are also said to be the masters of mind (Aniruddha), intelligence (Pradyumna), ego (Saṅkarṣaṇa) and mahattattva (Vasudeva), which are material elements in Sāńkhya. This leads us to ask: how is God the “master” of a material element, and how is the relation between God and the material element established? This post delves into the relation between God and matter, and how a complete understanding of any material element involves an understanding of God. In a very specific sense, therefore, science (as the study of matter) is incomplete without knowledge of God.

  • Mathematics,  Philosophy,  Physics

    Quantum Theory and Sāńkhya for Beginners

    Many people have expressed interest in understanding quantum theory—both in terms of the underlying scientific problems, as well as what solutions could look like. While I have provided technical explanations in the past, they often prove inadequate for those who may not follow the technicalities. This post, rather ambitiously hopes to cover that shortfall. It covers the basic mathematical ideas underlying quantum theory, the nature of the quantum problem, what its semantic solution looks like, and the type of mathematics needed to formulate a formal scientific solution. For the sake of simplicity, I will cover the non-relativistic version of the theory, and then describe the unification problem. Wherever necessary, I…